Typhoid Outbreak in Malaysia

The Health Ministry reminded the public on the importance of good personal hygiene following a sudden spike of typhoid fever cases with a total of 32 reported in Kuala Lumpur since August. While the ministry is implementing preventive measures and control, consumers are urged to also prioritise high levels of food hygiene to avoid further outbreak. 

 

Typhoid fever is an infectious disease caused by Salmonella typhi bacteria. This bacteria normally spread through food or water and occasionally via direct contact with someone who is infected. Therefore, you can also contract typhoid fever when you consume food prepared by infected food handlers, who did not wash their hands during food preparations. 

An infected person will experience fever for one to three weeks with the following symptoms: 

  • Poor appetite 
  • Headache 
  • Sustained fever 
  • Lethargy 
  • Diarrhoea or constipation 

The symptoms will become worse over the following weeks and the risk of developing potentially fatal complications will increase if left untreated. Here are some tips on what you can do to protect yourself and family from typhoid. 

  • Wash your hands frequently with water and soap before eating or preparing food and after using the toilet as good hand hygiene is the best way to control infection. 
  • Carry an alcohol-based hand sanitiser for times when water isn't available. 
  • Drink only bottled or cooked water especially when you are eating out. 
  • Avoid eating raw fruits and vegetables because raw produce may have been washed in unsafe water 

News and image source: The Star


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